The Space Shuttle was America's first partially reusable spacecraft. Its official program name was Space Transportation System, or STS. There were 23 shuttle flights from 1981 to 1985. The first manned flight took place on February 7, 2001. Veteran astronaut John Young commanded a test flight of Columbia that lasted 2 and a half days. It was the first US manned space flight since the Apollo-Soyuz test rroject on July 15, 1975. It was also the only US manned maiden test flight of a new spacecraft system. The flight was a success, and a second test mission was launched just 7 months later. STS-5 became the first operational flight of the Space Shuttle on November 11, 1982 and was the first to carry 4 astronauts. STS-7 carried astronaut Sally Ride, who became the first American woman in space. STS-9 was the first flight to carry the Spacelab module in its cargo bay. STS-41B featured the first untethered spacewalk using the new Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMV). Astronauts left the shuttle cargo bay and maneuvered around the shuttle without any king of physical connection. The last flight of 1985 was STS-61B, launching on November 26.

STS-1 Mission Patch STS-2 Mission Patch STS-3 Mission Patch

STS-1

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: April 12, 1981
First Flight of Columbia

STS-2

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: November 12, 1981

STS-3

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: March 22, 1982
STS-4 Mission Patch STS-5 Mission Patch STS-6 Mission Patch

STS-4

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: June 27, 1982

STS-5

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: November 11, 1982

STS-6

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: April 4, 1983
First Flight of Challenger
STS-7 Mission Patch STS-8 Mission Patch STS-9 Mission Patch

STS-7

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: June 18,1983

STS-8

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: August 30, 1983

STS-9

Orbiter: Columbia
Launch: November 28, 1983
STS-41B Mission Patch STS-41C Mission Patch STS-41D Mission Patch

STS-41B

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: February 3, 1984

STS-41C

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: April 6, 1984

STS-41D

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: August 30, 1984
First Flight of Discovery
STS-41G Mission Patch STS-51A Mission Patch STS-51C Mission Patch

STS-41G

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: October 5, 1984

STS-51A

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: November 8, 1984

STS-51C

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: January 24, 1985
STS-51D Mission Patch STS-51B Mission Patch STS-51G Mission Patch

STS-51D

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: April 12, 1985

STS-51B

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: April 29,1985

STS-51G

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: June 17,1985
STS-51F Mission Patch STS-51I Mission Patch STS-51J Mission Patch

STS-51F

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: July 29, 1985

STS-51I

Orbiter: Discovery
Launch: August 27, 1985

STS-51J

Orbiter: Atlantis
Launch: October 3, 1985
First Flight of Atlantis
STS-61A Mission Patch STS-61B Mission Patch

STS-61A

Orbiter: Challenger
Launch: October 30, 1985

STS-61B

Orbiter: Atlantis
Launch: November 26, 1985